Achilles Tendonitis Treatment Burwood Heights
Connecting the ankle joint to the heel, the Achilles tendon is often injured, especially in high impact sports and running.
Achilles tendonitis is a painful inflammation of this tendon that is often accompanied with swelling and tight calf muscles.
Five Dock Physiotherapy and Sports Injury Centre offer quality physiotherapy care for achilles tendonitis.
This condition often results from overuse and strain over extended periods of time.
The most common causes of Achilles tendonitis include over-pronation and excessive exercise or walking. This can occur when exercising without an effective warm-up, playing sports which involve quick stops or sudden changes of direction (such as basketball). Achilles tendonitis can also occur from wearing high heels for prolonged periods, a sudden significant increase in physical activity without a graduated approach to training, wearing poorly fitting shoes, having bone spurs on the back of your heels, or just getting older as the Achilles tendon weakens with age! Rheumatoid arthritis and infection are both factors which are also linked to tendonitis.
The main symptom of Achilles tendonitis is pain or swelling on the back of the heel when walking or running. You may also experience tight calf muscles, limited range of motion when the foot is flexed, and the skin on the heel may also be warm to touch.
The two main aims when treating Achilles tendonitis are to reduce the strain upon the tendon, and to reduce inflammation.
To reduce strain, activities which aggravate the condition will need to be limited or avoided for a period of time. Orthotics (corrective devices worn in the shoe) may also assist in reducing pressure on the tendon.
Inflammation may be addressed by taking anti-inflammatory medications, applying ice packs (for 20 minutes per hour during the acute stages of injury), and in more severe cases, minimising movement of the foot and ankle via the use of a restrictive cast or boot for a period of approximately 8 weeks.
Exercises that stretch the calf can also be used but only once the acute stage of the condition is passed.
Surgery is considered as a last resort for the treatment of severe cases of Achilles tendonitis, and is necessary if the tendon needs to be re-attached. Rehabilitation after surgery will generally allow return to normal activity within a period of 10 weeks, and to competitive sports in approximately 3 to 6 months.